As the "Internet+" moves into the development stage of integration operation, the existing on-site mineral analysis technologies cannot satisfy the development demand, and the bottlenecking problems that restrict the development of on-site geological service technologies are more and more prominent, including those in acquisition, interpretation quantification, visualization, sharing, and multi-dimensional performance. In this paper, the development history of mineral analysis technologies was reviewed. Then, their development stages were classified and the characteristics of main technologies in each stage were analyzed. Finally, the progress and application prospect of on-site automatic mineral analysis technologies were studied based on their application results. And the following research results were obtained. First, the development of mineral analysis technologies is divided into three stages, i.e., artificial analysis, semi automatic analysis and automatic analysis. Second, the automatic analysis technologies are quite advantageous in terms of nano-scale rock image acquisition, automatic lithology denomination and description, fast reservoir identification and evaluation and automatic expert interpretation system, and can meet the new demand of the development of mineral analysis technologies in the period of "Internet+" and new service domains and application fields have been developed. Third, new technologies (e.g. RoqSCAN) are advantageous in terms of field use, high speed, multi-dimensional parameter, integrated interpretation and multi-aspect application, and they are widely applied in the fields of fine geological evaluation, engineering optimization and fracturing optimization. These technologies will promote the essential change of production organization mode of on-site geological services (e.g. mud logging) and the expansion of new service domains. And they are expected to play a key technological role in the remote mud logging in the future.